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Just southeast of Bagamoyo are these atmospheric ruins (Kaole Ruins). At their centre are the remains of a 13th-century mosque, which is one of the oldest in mainland Tanzania and also one of the oldest in East Africa. It was built in the days when the Sultan of Kilwa held sway over coastal trade, and long before Bagamoyo had assumed any significance. The mission dates from the 1868 establishment of Freedom Village and is the oldest in Tanzania.